In the previous years, the Philippines remained as one of the three countries in the world with a 10-year pre-university education program. In 2013, the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 was signed into law, implementing the K to 12 (K-12) program in the Philippines' education system. With this, students are expected to graduate after 12 years of basic education.
What awaits the students after K-12?The students can either choose to work since they are assumed to be of legal age after graduation, or they can opt to pursue a bachelor’s degree. For some, they aspire to study in prestigious universities in English-speaking countries such as Australia and Canada. However, some English-speaking nations require students to obtain a specific score in the TOEFL iBT test. This examination assesses a student's ability to use the English language and how well he/she understands it at the university level.
TOEFL review centers are available in different areas in the country. This makes it easier for students to prepare for the TOEFL iBT test. Accessible training facilities save students from the hassle of traveling to far areas just to study. For instance, students from Cebu and Davao will no longer need to travel via plane just to enroll in a TOEFL review center in Manila since there are available training facilities in their area.
Meanwhile, the first set of K-12 graduates is expected to finish basic education by the end of SY 2017–2018. Since majority of the population is in NCR, K-12 graduates can enroll in any TOEFL review center in Manila. These training facilities ensure that students ace their TOEFL iBT test. For example, they can aid you with necessary references and provide you with guidelines when taking the examination.
What are the components of the TOEFL iBT test?If you are planning to take the examination, you must know that the TOEFL iBT test is administered online, and it takes about four and a half hours. This test is divided into four sections:
1. Reading Section – This component lasts for 60 to 80 minutes. There are about 36–56 questions focused on reading three to four passages from academic texts. Students will then answer questions based on the texts. Thus, it is important that they read the passages carefully.
2. Listening Section – This section has 34–51 questions that should be accomplished in 60–90 minutes. It focuses on listening to classroom lectures, discussions and conversations. Questions will be asked afterward. Note that students are given a 10-minute break. Hence, they should maximize this time to relax and refresh their minds.
3. Speaking Section – This section is composed of six tasks, good for 20 minutes. Students will express their opinions and discuss topics based on the previous listening and reading tasks.
4. Writing Section – This section should be finished in 50 minutes. There are two tasks for the Writing component. The first task is to write an essay based on reading and listening tasks; the second one is to express an opinion.
Aside from getting familiar with the four sections of the TOEFL iBT test, those who wish to study abroad after K-12 can also use other online references. However, some of these sources are paid subscriptions.
For those who want to make sure that they achieve required scores in the iBT test, you can rely on training centers that offer TOEFL reviews around the country. Since the K-12 program has already equipped you with years of basic education, it is now your turn to take it to a higher level by studying in your dream university abroad.
- "K-12 Basic Education Curriculum| K12 Philippines." K12Philippines. Accessed January 12, 2017. http://k12philippines.com/.
- "Aquino signs K-12 bill into law." Rappler. Accessed January 13, 2017. http://www.rappler.com/nation/29249-aquino-signs-k-12-bill-into-law.
- "About the TOEFL iBT® Test." ETS®. Accessed January 13, 2017. https://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/.
- "TOEFL iBT® Test Content." ETS®. Accessed January 13, 2017. https://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/content/.