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Tuesday, December 2, 2014

Top 10 Scientific Words You Need to Know for the TOEFL-iBT

Every candidate for the TOEFL test knows the academic content of the examination. The TOEFL or the Test of English as a Foreign Language is an English proficiency examination that evaluates the knowledge of an individual in understanding and using the English in an academic context. The test has four sections: reading, listening, speaking and writing. Among these four parts of the test, the reading is considered to be a challenge to its academic scope.

Since it uses academic content in its reading texts, most of the passages talk about the fields of science. If you are someone who is not very familiar with these areas, it could pose a little problem; however, candidates need not worry since all the answers in the questions are found in the reading passage. To help candidates anticipate and understand in advance some of the terms or topics used in the reading, here are some words to remember and take note of.

· Symbiosis

The word symbiosis refers to the relationship of species in a particular ecosystem or habitat. There are different kinds of symbiotic relationships namely mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.

· Behaviorism

It is defined as an idea that all learners are essentially passive and their respond according to the environmental stimuli. Behaviors are shaped through reinforcement and punishment.

· Aquifers

This is a body of saturated work in which water can move easily. Aquifers include rock types such as sandstone and fractured limestone.

· Tundra

When we say tundra, it means that it is an area where trees’ growth are hindered or they do not grow as tall as others because of low temperatures and the short growing of seasons.

· Electromagnetism

When we describe the relationship between electricity and magnetism, we are referring to electromagnetism.

· Discourse Analysis

This is defined as the analysis of language ‘beyond the sentence’. It can also be defined as the study of the ways in how language is used in discourse and contexts.

· Bioluminescence

Angler fish uses bioluminescence. Bioluminescence is the production and emission of light of animals. This is evident in animals such as the angler fish, fireflies and even on some species of mushrooms.

· Atomic Structure

This pertains to the structure of atoms. Atoms have electrons, negatively charged particles; protons, positively charged particle; and nucleus, the center of the atomic structure.

· Behavioral Ecology

Defined as the evolutionary basis for animal behavior due to ecological pressures, behavioral ecology is a common topic in the reading test. It is how animals adapt to their existing environment in order to survive.

· Dadaism

This is an art movement during the 20th century. Practitioners of Dadaism created works of art that are unconventional and most of the time nonsense as a movement against conventional art styles.

These are some terms that have been commonly used in the reading section. You do not have to study these topics but be familiar with the general idea of these terms. It helps you understand the ideas expressed in the reading passages.