Tuesday, July 22, 2014

TOEFL Review: Useful Vocabulary to Be Familiar With

Much have been said to emphasize the need of candidates for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) to have a good command in vocabulary. As a test that uses academic English, candidates devote much of their time reading different materials to improve their vocabulary bank such as magazines, journals and even academic books. This exercise of indulging in different reading activities not only improves vocabulary but also develops the interest of the individual in reading. In fact, reading is not an activity enjoyed by many; hence, loving it is a process.

For TOEFL candidates, vocabulary is an essential step in preparing for the examination. There are lots of vocabulary words to be memorized. A variety of words in your head can mean various ways of expressing yourself in TOEFL speaking and writing. To add up some words on your list, here is some very useful vocabulary you should be familiar (and even memorize) for the TOEFL.

1. Agitate (verb) – to disturb, excite or anger (someone)

Examples:
  • The professor was so agitated that he left the class screaming.
  • Agitated with the sudden movement, the school of fish swam away from the divers.

2. Deprive (verb) – to take something away from something or someone

Examples:
  • The experiment involved a certain plant species deprived from water.
  • Her eyes were so tired because she was deprived from sleep.

3. Obsolete (adj) – no longer used because something new exists

Examples:
  • That certain Egyptian technology is already considered obsolete.
  • The book the student was looking for was already obsolete.

4. Petulant (adj) – becoming angry or annoyed when they do not get what they want
Examples:
  • The kid was petulant as she was not allowed to eat ice cream.
  • A certain politician displayed a petulant behaviour upon the decline of his request.

5. Sporadic (adj) – happening often but not regularly

Examples:
  • The disease was ruled out as sporadic as it was contained in a certain area for a few weeks.
  • They hear sporadic noises somewhere in the attic.

6. Uproar (noun) – a situation in which many people are upset, angry or disturbed by something

Examples:
  • Uproar caused the street to be heavy with traffic.
  • Our house is in uproar every time my cousins come for the weekend.

7. Reciprocal (adj) – a relationship wherein to people or groups agree on something similar for each other

Example:
  • Reciprocal teaching is common in our faculty.
  • The reciprocal attachment between the couple is obvious and somehow irritating.

8. Reimburse (verb) to pay someone an amount of money equal to an amount spent

Examples:
  • The students were reimbursed with their plane tickets.
  • A huge issue erupted when the teachers asked to be reimbursed with their expenditures.

9. Sanguine (adj) – confident and hopeful

Examples:
  • The children look sanguine with their uniform.
  • The president showed a sanguine poise during the summit.

10. Thwart (verb) to prevent someone from doing something or to stop something from happening

Examples:
  • Police officers thwarted the protesters to enter the main building.
  • A dike was built to thwart the impending foods.

These words are commonly used in the TOEFL so be ready to use them appropriately and understand them clearly in any task in the TOEFL test.


Source of definition: Merriam-Webster Dictionary

0 comments:

Post a Comment